Sports Injuries and the Aging Athlete
Age and Sports Injuries
Another important issue for older athletes is that of injury. Statistically, older athletes are much more likely to injure themselves than younger athletes who are doing the same sport. On the positive side, however, it has been found that even accounting for their increased likelihood of injury, older runners tend to be physically better off than the average person of their age.5
As with all athletes, a careful warm-up period with stretching exercises is key to reducing the chance of injury. Below we will discuss some general musculoskeletal problems faced by the older athlete and then examine the kinds of specific injuries that are common in older people who engage in running, swimming, cycling, climbing and golf…
What Happens To The Aging Body—A Guide for Athletes (And Everyone Else!)
Specifically designed for older adults and senior athletes, musculoskeletal specialist and sports medicine doctor Naomi L. Albertson, M.D. details the effects of aging on the body, highlighting the changes to cells, bones, muscles, and joints—with tips for minimizing those effects, improving performance for athletes, and staying strong and active with age…
NEW RESEARCH SHOWS: MUSCLE LOSS IS NOT INEVITABLE
Aging Well Through Exercise
Is physical frailty inevitable as we grow older? That question preoccupies scientists and the middle-aged, particularly when they become the same people. Until recently, the evidence was disheartening. A large number of studies in the past few years showed that after age 40, people typically lose 8 percent or more of their muscle mass each decade, a process that accelerates significantly after age 70. Less muscle mass generally means less strength, mobility and among the elderly, independence. It also has been linked with premature mortality.
“We think these are very encouraging results,” said Dr. Vonda Wright, an orthopedic surgeon and founder of the Performance and Research Initiative for Masters Athletes at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, who oversaw the study. “They suggest strongly that people don’t have to lose muscle mass and function as they grow older. The changes that we’ve assumed were due to aging and therefore were unstoppable seem actually to be caused by inactivity. And that can be changed.”
“What we can say with certainty is that any activity is better than none,” Dr. Wright says, “and more is probably better than less. But the bigger message is that it looks as if how we age can be under our control. Through exercise, you can preserve muscle mass and strength and avoid the decline from vitality to frailty.”
Age-Related Muscle Loss Happens Sooner Than You Think. Here’s How to Stop It
Age-related muscle loss, known as sarcopenia, happens as you get older — and it starts much earlier than you think. After the sprite age of 30, you lose as much as 3-8% of your muscle mass with each passing decade, and the decline worsens after age 60. Sarcopenia doesn’t just affect your athletic performance or how you look in a swimsuit. It also impacts your longevity. Sarcopenia, the major cause of frailty as you age, leads to falls and broken hips, and even prevents you from fully recovering after those tumbles. In other words, it leaves you enfeebled as a senior, when you should be enjoying those golden years.
How playing sports benefits your body … and your brain
The victory of the underdog. The last minute penalty shot that wins the tournament. The training montage. Many people love to glorify victory on the field, cheer for teams, and play sports. But should we be obsessed with sports? Are sports as good for us as we make them out to be, or are they just a fun and entertaining pastime? Leah Lagos and Jaspal Ricky Singh show what science has to say on the matter…
Tennis Training – RAW Tennis Performance – Tennis Fitness Program
Raw Tennis Performance
The RAW Tennis Performance Training Program focuses on training “movement, not muscles.” We spend time in the gym getting our players stronger but our focus is on functional movements, especially those specific to tennis.
We concentrate on stability, flexibility, explosiveness and proper movement patterns…
Cycling for Health and Fitness – 30 Great Benefits of Cycling
Visit Delray Beach Bicycles at https://delraybeachbicycles.com
Riding bikes boosts your brainpower, relationships, health and happiness.
Whether it’s to boost your fitness, health or bank balance, or as an environmental choice, taking up bicycle riding could be one of the best decisions you ever make…
What Really Causes Addiction? – Addiction Recovery Journey
What really causes addiction — to everything from cocaine to smart-phones? And how can we overcome it? Johann Hari has seen our current methods fail firsthand, as he has watched loved ones struggle to manage their addictions. He started to wonder why we treat addicts the way we do — and if there might be a better way…
ADDICTION REHABILITATION TREATMENT IN FLORIDA FOR YOUNG ADULT MEN
Voyage Recovery – Real Families, Real Recovery
Family participation in the recovery process is crucial and we are honored by the trust and commitment families give us.
At Voyage, we put a heavy emphasis on family support. Each week our clinical staff spends time working directly with the families of our patients. Families are given information and assignments to complete each week in preparation for Family Program…
Neurogenesis: Are you the Master of your Mind? Or the Slave?
If I’d known when I was in therapy how our precious brains work, how we should take the reins and ride through the landscape of our minds, fertilizing the land to grow healthy brain cells, would I have reached this state of inner peace sooner?
How to Overcome Self-Sabotage in Sports?- Sports Psychology Videos
6 Ways Athletes Sabotage Their Own Racing Success
If you can improve your race results without buying new equipment or training more, where would you start?
You might look at your mental approach to racing—how your mental game helps or sabotages your success. Do you understand how your mental game is slowing you down in races? The attitudes, beliefs, and mindsets that runners, cyclists, triathletes and endurance athletes take into a race dictate their performance success…
Sports Medicine News
Caffeine, Genetics and Endurance Performance
Our results indicate that, in the total population, caffeine is ergogenic to cycling performance, with an average improvement in cycling time of 3 percent at a moderate dose (four milligrams per kilogram, roughly three small cups of coffee) — a finding that is consistent with previous studies using similar doses.
In addition, we found a significant caffeine–gene interaction where performance improvements with low and moderate caffeine doses reached almost 5 percent and 7 percent, respectively. However, these latter amplified benefits were seen only in the subjects with the AA genotype, i.e., those considered ‘‘fast’’ metabolizers of caffeine..
Power of Visualization in Sports
Generally speaking, visualization is the process of creating a mental image or intention of what you want to happen or feel in reality. An athlete can use this technique to ‘intend’ an outcome of a race or training session, or simply to rest in a relaxed feeling of calm and well-being…
Visualization Techniques for Better Sports Performance
Visualization has also been called guided imagery, mental rehearsal, mediation, and a variety of other things — no matter the term, the basic techniques, and concepts are the same. Generally speaking, visualization is the process of creating a mental image or intention of what you want to happen or feel in reality…
What’s the Connection Between Emotional and Physical Health?
According to Charles Goodstein, MD, a clinical professor of psychiatry at New York University’s Langone School of Medicine in New York City, the brain is intimately connected to our endocrine system, which secretes hormones that can have a powerful influence on your emotional health.
“Thoughts and feelings as they are generated within the mind [can influence] the outpouring of hormones from the endocrine system, which in effect control much of what goes on within the body,” says Dr. Goodstein…
Mental Skills and Emotional Intelligence in Sports – Mindset of a Champion
Mental and emotional training is a component that some athletes dismiss, but is crucial in maintaining composure under stress and to improving athletic performance.
I provide simple and effective technology that gives athletes training for the ability to increase emotional resilience, reaction time and accurate decision making.
“Mental and Emotional Training is a component that most athletes tend to forget until they are under extreme pressure to perform.” – Jennifer Heistand
The Top 5 Most Mentally Challenging Sports
In my experience over years of being an athlete, competing, spectating, and now working with elite athletes all over the world, there appear to be five sports that require the most mental toughness, the most mentally challenging persistence, and the most mental training to control one’s game and experience peak performance…
10 Daily Practices to Increase Mental Toughness
Here I give you 10 of my personal practices I use that have shown an increase in mental toughness…
Sciatica: What You Need to Know
Sciatica is the name given to pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve. Anything that irritates this nerve can cause pain, ranging from mild to severe. Sciatica is usually caused by a compressed nerve in the lower spine.
6 Stretches for Sciatica Pain Relief
Sciatic nerve pain can be so excruciating and debilitating that you don’t even want to get off the couch. Common causes of sciatica can include a ruptured disk, a narrowing of the spine canal (called spinal stenosis), and injury.
Certified physical therapist Mindy Marantz says that sciatica pain can occur for a variety of reasons. She says, “Identifying what doesn’t move is the first step toward solving the problem.” Often, the most problematic body parts are the lower back and hips.
Dr. Mark Kovacs, a certified strength and conditioning specialist, adds that the best way to alleviate most sciatica pain is to do “any stretch that can externally rotate the hip to provide some relief.”
Here are six exercises that do just that…
One Movement for Instant Sciatica Pain Relief
Sport & Spine Rehab – Lower Back – Sciatica
Usually caused by pressure on the sciatic nerve from a herniated disc (also referred to as a bulging disc, ruptured disc, slipped disc). The problem is often diagnosed as a “radiculopathy,” meaning that a disc has protruded from its normal position in the vertebral column and is putting pressure on the nerve (commonly referred to as a pinched nerve). For most people, the pain from sciatica can be severe and debilitating. For others, the pain might be infrequent and irritating, but has the potential to get worse. Usually, sciatica only affects one leg, and the pain radiates through the buttock and leg. Not all leg pain is the result of sciatica as muscles in the hip can refer pain elsewhere in the leg.
Secrets of Endurance Athletes – Endurance Athletes are Unhealthy – Athletic Endurance Sports Accomplishments
How an Overweight 40-year-old Became a Top Ultra-Athlete
After shortness of breath from climbing the stairs at home, Rich Roll, the author of “Finding Ultra,” decided to change his lifestyle. Dropping 60 pounds in six months, this out-of-shape dad became an ultra-endurance athlete at 39.
Ultra-endurance sports didn’t just change me physically; they actually gave me a brand new life. Throughout my 30s, I was climbing the corporate ladder, very intent on achieving the traditional idea of the American dream. But deep down inside, I started to question this path that I was on…
The Secrets of Endurance Athletes
Running a distance race – like a 246km ultramarathon – takes extraordinary physical fitness. But however hard they have trained, an athlete’s success hinges on their mental endurance.
The popularity of ultramarathons has shot up in recent years – and so too has interest in the science and mechanics of how the body works in these extreme situations…
Endurance Athletes are Unhealthy
Sure, on the outside we may look like pristine, spandex-clad Greek gods and goddesses out dominating Ironman triathlons, Crossfit games and ultra-runs, but on the inside, we deal with depleted hormones, overstressed hearts and broken guts from our physically demanding lifestyle.
But when it comes to enhancing your body and building endurance, there’s a better way to do things…and while I’ve certainly talked about underground methods you can use to avoid chronic-cardio self destruction and get extremely fit with the minimal effective dose of training, there are a ton of nitty-gritty details that simply get left out of endurance training and nutrition manuals…
The Eternal Suffering of the Endurance Mind
What’s the most physically grueling workout, athletic competition, or even you’ve ever done and what strategies did you use to get through it?
Redox Cell Signaling Molecules for Athletes – Increase Endurance and Quicker Recovery
Elite athletes report increased endurance and quicker recovery when using ASEA Redox Supplement. In every kind of cell, ASEA Redox Supplement enhances overall health, which means added support where the body needs it most.
Redox signaling (also called cell signaling) is vital to strengthening the genetic signal that keeps our cells talking. ASEA’s breakthrough redox signaling technology provides critical connection and communication between cells to ensure optimal renewal and revitalization, supporting the development of new, healthy cells in the body…
Ted Epstein Jr. Amazing Athletic Endurance Sports Accomplishments
As an Ultra-Endurance athlete, he had completed three Six-Day races, ran 480 miles across Siberia, climbed the Pikes Peak Ascent eight times, swam around Manhattan Island, swam half way around Hong Kong Island, with another man was the first man to swim across the Bering Strait, climbed Mt. Kilimanjaro, climbed Mt. Vinson, the tallest mountain in the Antarctic, was the first person in the world to complete the Grand Slam of Triathlons: Double, Triple, Quadruple and Quintuple in a one year period, and completed Mexico’s Deca-Ten Ironman, which involved swimming 24 miles, biking 1,120 miles, running 10 marathons, equal to 252 miles…
THE TOP 10 – THE BIGGEST MISTAKES ENDURANCE ATHLETES MAKE
The best performances in long-duration events are achieved by getting to the starting line well rested rather than razor sharp. In doing so, you may find yourself not hitting on all cylinders during those first few minutes. In fact, you might even struggle a bit. However, your body will not forget all the training you’ve done and it will absolutely reward you for giving it the time it needed to “soak up” all of that training.
7 Things Sports Psychologists Can Do
The most common role for a sports psychologist is to teach mental skills for enhanced performance. A mental game expert can help you improve confidence, focus, composure, intensity, and trust in athletic performance. These mental skills help athletes improve performance and can help in other areas of an athlete’s life…
Psychologists Needed in College Sports – Athletes and Mental Health – StillPoint Performance
Like weight rooms and nutrition programs, mental-health services have become integral to college athletic departments…
In the fall of his junior year at Indiana University, distance runner Jackson Bertoli was suffering from deep depression. He couldn’t voice the words to his girlfriend, so he texted her as she sat beside him: I’m feeling suicidal…
Mental Strength for Athletes
The Deep Entrenchment of Addiction Among Athletes
The problem of athletes turning to addiction is not one that happens in isolation. The journal of Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation states that abusing controlled substances takes place across all sports and athletic competitions. Various aspects of athletic life are conducive to drug abuse; in addition to performance enhancement, athletes take drugs (or are given drugs to take) to medicate injuries, and to deal with mental and emotional stress that comes from life on and off the field, track, court, or ring, and even after retirement…
3 Sports Psychology Tips for Parents and Coaches
As youth sports psychology experts, we often work very closely with parents and coaches when we provide mental coaching for young athletes. Parents and coaches who are knowledgeable about “mental game” challenges and strategies are better equipped to instill confidence in their young athletes.
If you are a sports parent or coach, you’ll want to learn how to improve your athletes’ mental game so they can get the most out of their skills in competition.
Here’s just one example of how coaches and parents can improve athletes’ mental toughness using proven mental game strategies…
Collegiate Recovery – Addiction Rehabilitation Treatment
Returning to academia while in early recovery is now possible. Dedicated professionals, student-led support groups and sober events create a perfect blend of sustainable support.
The program at Voyage Recovery is a steadfast supporter of this movement, as reflected in creative continuing care plans. We have relationships with stakeholders and leaders in Collegiate Recovery programming throughout the country, and are fluent in their language and culture.
Perhaps most important is our belief that finding recovery from a substance use disorder should lead to professional and academic growth, not delay or interrupt it. The collegiate recovery movement is the missing piece of support that allows the growth that happens in treatment to take root and flourish.
Knee Anatomy Animated Tutorial
In this episode of eOrthoodTV, orthopaedic surgeon Randale Sechrest, MD narrates an animated tutorial on the anatomy of the knee…
Knee injuries: Common injuries, Treatment Options, and Prevention
The knee is one of the body’s more complicated joints and is susceptible to various injuries. Not all are severe, but some can last longer than…
3D Printed Solutions to Avoid Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Despite knowing the risks of certain activies, even doctors at times find themselves on the operating table. Bill*, one such doctor and avid sportsperson, suffered 2 years of being unable to enjoy hobbies such as walking and golf because of cartilage damage in his knee…
What Knee Brace is Right for Me?
From ACL to LCL instabilities to patella and arthritis pain, there are a number of knee injuries that can sideline your training and daily activities. However, there are a variety of braces to choose from that can help you recover quickly and prevent re-injury to the knee, whether it be for sports, daily functions, pain reduction or post-surgery…
Sports Medicine Florida
Sports medicine specialists at Mayo Clinic provide a coordinated team approach to the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained by recreational, amateur and professional athletes. Sports Medicine’s multidisciplinary team will work together to help you return to your sport. Preventive care is also promoted through wellness, fitness and performance-enhancement consultations…
Sports Medicine Doctor – Dr. Hillel Harris
Planning to keep people healthy and active is just now becoming recognized as medicine.
I have dedicated my life to saving people at their end-stage illnesses. Let’s work on optimizing health to enable people to live a life free of chronic illnesses and debilitation.
Let’s get our bodies moving in the way they were designed to move, and in that way they will keep us healthy and functioning at their peak performance…
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
World–class athletes, weekend warriors, youth athletes and everyday people have access to state–of–the–art performance training and health care services conveniently located in Gulf Breeze, Florida at the Andrews Institute for Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine…
Florida Hospital Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation
The athletic fire runs deep at Florida Hospital. Our team of multi-specialty physicians shares the same passion for sports — and returning athletes to them — as the range of competitors who have become devout fans of our world-class treatments and training programs. Equal parts sports and medicine, our services are available to any athlete at any level, and are geared as much toward your healing as they are for preventing further injuries..
Sports Medicine – Medical Services
Our dedicated staff can treat injuries and minor illnesses in adults and children. We have an advanced team of medical professionals who provide outstanding care. Additionally, we are the only medical center to have a dedicated team of athletic trainers who offer sports rehabilitation…
Muscle Matters: Dr Brendan Egan
Modern science has led to automation which means that we are predisposed to being physically inactive and in his talk Brendan outlines the risks to our health of this development. Furthermore, better medicines are leading to greater longevity and as the global population is getting older, the long term impact on health care provision is a huge challenge to be addressed.
Brendan in his talk focuses on Sarcopenia, a disease involving age related wasting of muscle, and talks about the connections with other diseases, including cancer and diabetes, and he encourages us to change our lifestyles now in order to keep our muscles strong as we age…
How to Stay Calm and Relaxed During Competition – Emotional Mastery
Sports can evoke a wide range of emotions, from inspiration, pride, exhilaration, and satisfaction, to fear, frustration, anger, and panic, often in a very short time span during training or competition.
Your ability to perform consistently is often determined by the consistency of your emotions; as your emotions go, so go your performances…
Use Isometic Holds to Improve Leg, Shoulder and Core Strength
Tennis is a sport requiring players to be strong enough to hold very awkward positions. For example, picture Kim Clijsters finishing in a split on a wide forehand or Novak Djokovic looking like Gumby after stretching to hit a low, open-stance backhand. Core strength is required not only to get into to this position to hit the shot but also to come out of this position to recover for the next shot…
Questions For The Doctor Part 2 – With Dr. Hillel Z. Harris – Sports Medicine
Dr. Hillel Z. Harris, MD is the founder of MD Sports Inc, which focuses on sports performance and athletic training. He provides annual physicals, and performs laboratory testing and body composition testing. He and his team develop customized nutrition and physical activity plans for athletes and the general population interested living a healthy lifestyle. He promotes wellness, and is an innovator in the emerging field of preventative health and lifestyle medicine. He is a board-certified physician and has been a practicing medical doctor since 2004…
Utilizing Imagery to Enhance Injury Rehabilitation
Recovering from injury is an unfortunate byproduct of athletic participation. The rehabilitation process can be an arduous experience full of discouragement. The athlete who approaches rehab with a positive attitude and a goal-oriented plan can turn the tough task of recovery into an affirmative experience. Therapy can result in the athlete being better prepared for future obstacles and in a better position to succeed. The athlete who takes charge of the rehabilitation process in a proactive manner has an improved chance to overcome the debilitating effects of injury…
Secret techniques elite athletes don’t want to share…
Players take a swig, swish it around and then spit it out. They’re playing a trick on their brains…
That Spitting Thing at the World Cup? It’s Probably ‘Carb Rinsing’
Shoulder Anatomy – Everything You Need To Know
Dr. Ebraheim’s educational animated video describes muscle anatomy of the shoulder girdle and anatomy of the shoulder joint. Anatomy of the Shoulder muscles and ligament, and the rotator cuff and muscles are also shown…
Your shoulder joint is composed of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone). Your shoulders are the most movable joints in your body.
They can also be unstable because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. To remain in a stable or normal position, the shoulder must be anchored by muscles, tendons, and ligaments…
Self Diagnosis – Check Your Symptoms
If you’re not sure what might be wrong with your joint, our self diagnosis tool for the knee, shoulder and ankle is a good place to start.
It won’t replace a real doctor and cannot give a definitive diagnosis but it may help you better understand your symptoms…
My Top 5 Shoulder Rehab Exercises
So why have I have chosen these five exercises? Well firstly, I seem to use them a lot with different patient groups, with different presentations of shoulder pain, so I class them as multi purpose exercises. Next, they are simple, easy to coach/teach and require little or no equipment. Finally they can be adapted and progressed easily…
Brittany Tacy’s Sexy Shoulder Workout
Stately shoulders are the key to any well-rounded physique. Build sculpted shoulders with this workout from IFBB bikini pro Brittany Tacy…
To build great shoulders, you can’t just show up and go through the motions. Training is all about strength, intensity, growth, and that neverending desire to reach higher every time.
MD Sports – Today we’d like to introduce you to Dr. Hillel Z. Harris…
“Let’s focus on what types of physical activity make people happy because invariably that will lead to less stress. I use a personalized approach to treat both athletes, and anyone interested in living a healthier lifestyle. The body strives to be in balance- it wants to be in harmony, in a steady state. Let’s formulate a plan to get there- what activities do you enjoy? What are the obstacles to accomplishing them? What’s holding you back? You have to clear the obstacles before moving to the next level. Let’s review your lifestyle choices. We will create a customized, targeted plan to give you the best chances for success. Together, we can clear the way for you to achieve the goals you want for yourself.”
Taking Control of Our Health
By Dr. Hillel Z. Harris, MD
Each one of us needs to take control of our own health. We need to ensure we are getting enough physical activity, rest, and proper nutrition. Big businesses are not looking out for us as individuals. There are many large companies who want to sell products, whether in the food industry, or in the pharmaceutical industry. I feel that no one is looking out for the individual. As a physician, I want to partner with my patients and teach them how to look out for themselves. I want my patients to ask what they can do to decrease their chances of developing obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, cancer, arthritis, and on and on.
Let’s focus on preventative health, and optimizing our chances for staying healthy. This is easier said than done. It takes discipline to take control of your health, but like everything else, it takes practice and guidance until it becomes easier. The first step is dissecting the wealth of information available regarding nutrition, exercise, and stress. Understanding the way nutrition influences how we feel, how we store fat, how we prevent diabetes from developing, is key to our health. Exercise is important for keeping a low body weight, by building both muscle and improving cardiovascular fitness. Physical activity can actually cause neurogenesis, or the creation of new brain cells.
Stress wreaks havoc on our bodies, and the hormones that are released in stressful states can derail all the good choices we make. Uncovering the roots of our stress will allow us the opportunity to take control of our health by removing the unconscious blockade we set up for ourselves.
In today’s fast pace life, we are less connected to how we feel. Often a chronic low-level stress develops, which can sap our energy and lower our natural production of hormones. Testosterone, for example, may be declining in men due to chronic stress, which causes the release of cortisol. Cortisol blocks testosterone release. Having too much fat around our mid-section also decreases the production of testosterone. So, how can you increase your natural production of hormones, such as testosterone? By figuring out how to decrease stress. The first step to is to be aware of stress, because recognition is half the battle. Abdominal fat interferes with the body’s own internal signaling. In men, this excess fat secretes estrogen. Estrogen antagonizes the production of testosterone. So balancing the right eating plan with physical activity can cause drastic improvements in your hormone levels. Resistance training appears to promote the biggest release of testosterone. Specifically, it is the complex resistance exercises, such as squats, that yield the greatest natural increase in testosterone.
The way we eat influences how we absorb food for fuel. Eating frequent, smaller meals prevents insulin spikes, which has been shown to decrease the production of cholesterol. In fact, when people skip breakfast and eat a large lunch and dinner, the body acts as if it were in starvation mode and will maximize fat storage! This is not what we want. We want our body to use the nutrients it receives to repair and replenish our energy stores, not become a walking repository of fat! By eating just enough food at any given time, we can set ourselves up for success- in that the food we eat, will be used efficiently.
Choosing food with a low glycemic index has been shown to prevent the spikes in blood sugar and subsequently insulin. You want to choose foods that cause a slower release of blood sugar, in order to keep insulin levels low. Most fruit and vegetables have a low glycemic index. Processed foods, on the other hand, have the opposite effect. They spike glucose, spike insulin, and then you crash. The cycle repeats itself and can cause an up and down effect, which is why some people feel their energy levels correlate so drastically based on what they just ate. Achieving a blood-balance will translate to a more consistent mood and energy levels, which is more preferable. The next article is titled, “Are Ketogenic Diets Good for Athletes?” More to come!
About the Author:
Dr. Hillel Z. Harris, MD is the founder of MD Sports Inc, which focuses on sports performance and athletic training. He provides annual physicals, and performs laboratory testing and body composition testing. He and his team develop customized nutrition and physical activity plans for athletes and the general population interested living a healthy lifestyle. He promotes wellness, and is an innovator in the emerging field of preventative health and lifestyle medicine. He is a board-certified physician and has been a practicing medical doctor since 2004.
Compartment syndrome is a painful condition that occurs when pressure within the muscles builds to dangerous levels. This pressure can decrease blood flow, which prevents nourishment and oxygen from reaching nerve and muscle cells.
Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency. It is usually caused by a severe injury. Without treatment, it can lead to permanent muscle damage.
Chronic compartment syndrome, also known as exertional compartment syndrome, is usually not a medical emergency. It is most often caused by athletic exertion.
Compartment Syndrome: Jeff’s Story
Jeff was experiencing pain and pressure in his leg while doing two of his favorite things: Playing the drums and running. He was diagnosed with Compartment Syndrome, and UW Health vascular surgeon William Turnipseed was able to perform a surgery that has allowed Jeff to get back to his fun…
Otto Porter out indefinitely due to left leg contusion procedure for compartment syndrome
Porter had a procedure to address a contusion on his left leg and will miss Game 6 and perhaps for some time.
Porter had compartment syndrome in his lower left leg, and a fasciotomy was performed. The procedure was done to prevent “permanent damage” to the leg. In short, Porter had a potentially serious injury that had to be addressed…
What is the treatment for compartment syndrome?
Prevention is the first step in the treatment of compartment syndrome. Significant injuries of the arms and legs that require casting or splinting should always be elevated and iced to minimize the potential for swelling. Elevation should be above the level of the heart. Ice therapy may even be considered even if a cast or splint has been placed…
Dr. Hillel Z. Harris, M.D. Emergency Physician and Sports Medicine Doctor
“As an emergency physician, I have treated patients in their worst hour. I have taken care of patients who have had having difficulty breathing due to heart failure and lung disease. I have seen the effects of debilitating illness wreak havoc on peoples’ quality of life.
I have cared for diabetics who have lost limbs, young people with strokes, heart attack victims, and patients who have come to the ER in full cardiac arrest.”
MD Sports, Inc.
The Marriage of Medicine and Sports
By Robert Roddy MBA ATC LAT
In today’s athletic community, one of the most concerning injuries that an athlete can sustain is a traumatic head injury resulting in a concussion. Once an injury like this occurs, there are various steps that the athlete, athletic trainer, and sports medicine team must go through to return the athlete to athletics as well as to everyday activities. Recognizing the various signs and symptoms involved in a concussion is key in early detection.
Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms
When an athlete sustains a head injury and is suspected of having a concussion, the athletic trainer or team physicians will ask the athlete a series of questions to rule out which signs and symptoms the athlete is experiencing. Not every athlete will exhibit the same kind of signs or symptoms. Therefore, it is essential for medical personnel and athletic trainers to understand and identify the key signs and symptoms of a concussion. Signs and symptoms of concussions are separated into two categories, cognitive and somatic. Below is a list of the cognitive and somatic signs and symptoms of concussions.1
b. Anterograde Amnesia
c. Retrograde Amnesia
d. Level of Consciousness
e. Any Disorientation
f. Inability to Focus
g. Delayed Verbal or Motor Responses
h. Slurred Speech or Incoherent Speech
i. Excessive Drowsiness
c. Inability to Balance
f. Sensitivity to Sound
The athletic trainer determines if the athlete is exhibiting any of theses signs or symptoms by administering a SCAT test, neuropsychological testing, cranial nerve testing, and BESS testing. Once a concussion is suspected by the athletic trainer, the athlete is then referred to a licensed healthcare professional. After the physician has confirmed that the athlete does have a concussion, the individual is recommended to be withheld from athletics until the signs and symptoms have resolved for 48-72 hours. Studies have suggested that the recovery period range is from 1-7 days for total cognitive resolution, and 3-7 days for total resolution.1
Return to Learn
Besides athletics restrictions, it is very common for physicians to suggest that individuals suspected of a concussion should be limited to cognitive stress in school and at home. During this time, the student athlete is advised to limit the amount of time they spend on their phone, watching tv, computer or laptop, reading, and long periods of strenuous concentration. School work should be limited to 30 minutes initially with a gradual increase of studying once the symptoms begin to resolve.1
Return to Play
Once the athlete has shown no signs or symptoms for 48-72 hours, the athletic trainer reevaluates the athlete with neuropsychological and vestibular/balance testing. The steps below should be progressed only when the student athlete can perform the steps while remaining asymptomatic.2
Step 1) Rest: Until Asymptomatic (at least 48 hrs.)
o No physical exertion/activities of daily living only
Step 2) Light Aerobic Exercises (HR: < 70% – 15-20 min)
o Light aerobic training/conditioning in a controlled setting Ex: stationary bike, walking, swimming
Step 3) Sport Specific Exertion (HR: <80% – 45 min)
o Submaximal conditioning/exercise that stresses the student athlete in a setting like the environment that they will participate in during practice or competition
Ex: running on field or court, body weight exercises, individual cardio/endurance drills
Step 4) Contact Training Exertion (HR: <90% -60 min)
o Sport specific exercises with equipment
Ex: resistance band training, functional training, position drills, sport specific movements
Step 5) Full Contact Practice
o Restore confidence and assess functional skills
Ex: athlete participates in monitored practice
If the athlete successfully completes the steps of the return to play protocol, the student athlete is required to be cleared by a licensed physician before they can completely return to full athletic participation and competition.
By Robert Roddy MBA ATC LAT
Robert Roddy is the head Athletic Trainer for MD Sports, Inc. As a former college athlete, Robert understands the concerns and demands that are involved with being a high performance athlete. He has treated, managed, and rehabbed athletes in the high school, collegiate, amateur, and general population level in South Florida for over 10 years. Robert brings a level of compassion and a quality of care to assist the athlete’s return to activities with a better quality of life.
1. Florida State University- Sports Medicine. Concussion and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) Management Protocol. https://www.ncaa.org/sites/default/files/2017-18CProto65_FloridaStateU_Protocol_20170803.pdf. Updated: July 5, 2017. Accessed March 13, 2018.
2. Florida Atlantic University- Sports Medicine. Concussion Management Plan. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/fau/genrel/auto_pdf/2015-
16/misc_non_event/2015ConcussionManagementPlan.pdf. Published April 29, 2015. Accessed March 13, 2018.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy – What is It & What are The Benefits?
The benefits of this therapy are vast: it decreases the time needed to recover from sports-related injuries, improves wound-healing, aids in post-surgery recovery, increases overall circulation, revitalizes aging skin, decreases inflammation, and many MANY other anti-aging and health benefits…
WHY DO ATHLETES USE HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY?
Mild HBO therapy provides a highly effective way to increase the volume of oxygen in the blood and thus increase the many beneficial effects that oxygen has on the body. It allows the body to get the oxygen it needs to create ATP for energy and flush out the lactic acid that causes muscle fatigue. The elevated oxygen levels help athletes increase performance and recover more quickly after a workout. Increased oxygen delivery to the brain facilitates brain function, and enhances an athlete’s ability to make split-second decisions that could be a difference in the outcome of a game.
SUPERIOR ATHLETIC TRAINING MEETS ADVANCED RECOVERY METHODS
The next stop on my CERULEAN preview was the Hypobaric Adaptive Conditioning. This egg-shaped chamber simulates patterned low-barometric pressure sequences to condition the body and strengthen it at the cellular level. The whole experience felt like the pressure changes in an airplane, and you have to continue clearing your ears throughout the session. This modality is designed to help athletes condition their bodies and to help manage physical pain whether it’s chronic, transient, or from a physically debilitating disease or condition…
WHY ATHLETES SHOULD CONSIDER HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a powerful anti-inflammatory and wound-healing accelerator that could help athletes recover from sports-related injuries and stay healthy.
The Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy on Post-Training Recovery in Jiu-Jitsu Athletes
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of using hyperbaric oxygen therapy during post-training recovery in jiu-jitsu athletes…